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Florida Condo & HOA Legal Blog

News & Updates on Condo & HOA Laws & Legislation in the State of Florida

Term Limits Contained in Condominium Bylaws are Likely Enforceable

Posted in Board Eligibility, Elections, Governing Documents, Voting

Business meetingQuestion: I have been serving on my condominium association board for four years. We have one year terms. An owner is now challenging my right to be on the board. Our bylaws state that no owner may serve more than three consecutive one year terms on the board without taking a year off. I recall attending a legal conference years ago and the lawyer presenting informed us that terms limits are not enforceable in Florida. Are term limits enforceable in Florida? —M.M., North Naples

Answer: This topic has is a subject of some debate within the legal community. Term limits contained in condominium bylaws are likely enforceable.  However, the answer you were given at this prior legal seminar may have been correct at that time.

Historically, the Division of Condominiums, Timeshares and Mobile Homes, the state agency which regulates condominiums in Florida, had taken the position that term limits are invalid. There are prior court rulings on point. The basic philosophy behind most of the Division’s prior rulings emanates from the provision of the Florida Condominium statute which states that “any unit owner” may run for the board.

In 2010, the Division reversed its position on this issue (and reversed their prior prohibition on term limits) in a “Declaratory Statement.” The Division’s change in position was predicated on a subtle change in the wording of the Condominium Act.  Some attorneys question the rationale and legal reasoning behind this decision. However, given the fact that most term limit disputes will first be heard by the Division, and unless or until a court holds otherwise, I believe there is a reasonable basis for accepting the Division’s current position, which is that term limitations within bylaws are enforceable.

I recommend you have the association attorney review this issue further. The precise wording in your association’s bylaws as well as when it was written, may be relevant to his or her analysis.

Did My Association Legally Adjourn a Membership Meeting to a Later Date?

Posted in Governing Documents, Meetings, Operations, Voting

David Muller, Condominium Lawyer FloridaQuestion: My condominium association was set to have a big vote on some controversial amendments to the governing documents a few weeks ago. The proposed amendments include leasing changes that are onerous to investors and changes to the pet rules that seem totally unnecessary. I am strongly against these amendments, as are many other owners.

I attended the meeting and there was a quorum present in person or by proxy. Before the vote on the amendments was presented, a motion to adjourn the meeting to a later date was brought up and voted on, with most votes coming from the board secretary who held many proxies. The vote on the amendments are now being delayed a few weeks presumably so the board can drum up votes. Our bylaws say that a meeting can be adjourned if there is no quorum. Since we had a quorum, it seems like adjourning the meeting was a violation of our bylaws.  Was this legal? — R.B., Naples

Answer: Probably. A similar issue was analyzed in an arbitration case from 1994. Although arbitration decisions (issued by the Florida Division of Condominiums, Timeshares and Mobile Homes) are not binding precedent, they do carry some weight. In that case, a unit owner challenged the association’s action of adjourning (sometimes called reconvening) the meeting even though a quorum was established. The arbitrator found that the bylaw provision did not limit the adjournment power of the association to only those situations where no quorum was present. In adopting an interpretation most reasonable and favorable to the association’s ability to efficiently operate the condominium, the arbitrator ruled that a lawfully convened meeting could be adjourned, even though a quorum had been established.

You should know that there are several procedural requirements that must be followed when adjourning a membership meeting to a later date and time. If all of these procedures are not properly followed, it could create a legal problem. Associations should consult with their attorney to ensure that the proper steps to lawfully adjourn a membership meeting to a later date and time are followed.

The Airbnb Phenomenon and What It Means for Your Community Association

Posted in Association Documents, Rental

berger_dIf your community association is located in or relatively near an area that is attractive to tourists, it is time for your board to start discussing the Airbnb phenomenon and what it might mean in the coming years. Sites like Airbnb, VRBO (Vacation Rentals by Owner), FlipKey, HomeAway, and Roomorama tout the fact  that they are innovators in online vacation property rentals and market that their strengths lie in their community-based approaches. However, for volunteer boards and the managers who assist them, hotel-like lodging transactions in private residential communities can present security and privacy concerns, as well as constitute violations of a community’s governing documents.

Social historians may look back and see today’s Airbnb and Uber trends as defining moments in our connected, technological age. While private citizens may be celebrating their newfound ability to monetize assets they already own like their homes and vehicles, community association boards are scrambling to figure out whether or not their existing document restrictions on rentals are sufficient to stem the tide of owners jumping on the Airbnb bandwagon.

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Becker & Poliakoff Announces New Condominium & HOA Classes

Posted in Budgets, Reserves & Financial, Construction Issues & Contractual Disputes, Hurricane/Disaster Issues, Service Animals/Emotional Support Animals


We are committed to sharing our legal knowledge to help others. We do so by offering State-approved educational resources in various forms, including more than two dozen courses, conferences, panel discussions, personal meetings, and webinars that you can conveniently attend from your office or home. With this many available options, it is easy for your board and manager to have the tools you need at your disposal. Please scroll below to see what is currently being offered in your area and click on a class for registration information for that particular class. We hope to see you soon!

Board Member Certification Requirements in Florida Condominiums

Posted in Board Eligibility, Elections

 Question: I am a member of the board of directors of my condominium association. One of our members has not completed a board member certification course and has not signed the form stating that they have read and will uphold the documents. My understanding is this is required by Florida law. What are the consequences of a board member not complying with the certification requirement? (C.O. by e-mail)

Answer: I have discussed this requirement in several previous posts. The statute requires that within 90 days of being elected or appointed to the board, the director shall certify in writing to the secretary of the association that they have read the association’s documents and will uphold such documents to the best of his or her ability. In lieu of this written certification, a board member may also complete an educational program approved by the Division of Condominiums, Timeshares, and Mobile Homes and submit a certification of having completed such curriculum to the secretary of the association. A board member may complete the educational curriculum up to one year before being appointed or elected to the board or within 90 days of such election or appointment. If a board member fails to comply with the certification requirement, or complete an educational program, within 90 days of his or her election or appointment to the board of directors, the statute provides that he or she is “suspended from service on the board until he or she complies.” Further, the board is authorized to temporarily fill the vacancy created by such suspension.

The statute also goes on to state that “failure to have such written certification or educational certificate on file does not affect the validity of any board action.”

Condominium Board Has Right to Choose How to Fill Vacancies

Posted in Board Eligibility, Voting

Question: My condominium association has a 5 member board of directors. Recently, one of the directors resigned, creating a vacancy. Upon learning of the vacancy, I submitted a letter to the remaining board members requesting to be appointed to the board. I never received a response and recently learned that, at their most recent meeting, the remaining four directors appointed a person to fill the vacancy. Because I asked to be considered, should there have been an election? (B.O. by e-mail)

Answer: Vacancies on the board of directors caused by the resignation of a director is an area that frequently creates confusion. The election of the board members by the owners in condominium, cooperative, and homeowners associations is one of the basic rights of the owners, perhaps the most fundamental right. As such, when a vacancy occurs, many owners reasonably expect that they, the owners, should have a say in who fills the vacancy.

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Community Update 2016, Volume 05 is Now Online

Posted in CALL Alert, Community Update, Legislation


cu_2016_vol_05Summer is in full swing with record temperatures and lots of beach time greeting us every day. We cannot however forget that changes affecting many communities took effect July 1st.

In this issue:

We provide our annual recap of community association happenings at the legislative level. This includes:

  • SB 184 concerning rentals to Service Members
  • SB 130 concerning criminal charges for discharging of firearms
  • HB 971 concerning Community Development Districts
  • SB 190 concerning conservation easements

You will also find insight on the Fire Sprinkler Retrofit requirements and the deadline for opting out of the retrofit. Although December 31, 2016 is months away, waiting until the last minute could backfire, given all that must be done to properly opt-out. If your community is not opting out of the retrofit then it is just as important that the process be commenced to ensure compliance with the final retrofit deadlines (i.e., end of 2019).

As always, our Did You Know? section provides nuggets of information. This issue, we provide a link to CALL’s Legislative Guide, a free eBook that provides more detail on the legislative developments of the past year. Differences abound between the Guide and the Newsletter. The Guide is more detailed and includes the ever important Action Steps to be considered by Associations seeking to stay on top of changes in the laws which affect community living.

Marilyn Perez-Martinez

BPBALLOT Online Vote a Success in Santa Rosa Florida

Posted in Association Documents, Uncategorized, Voting

bp_ballot_logo_optionSeveral weeks ago, our first BPBALLOT online vote was finalized up in Santa Rosa Beach and it was a grand SUCCESS!

Since our first vote we have several more communities who have already purchased a BPBALLOT license and have their online votes underway.

If your community has historically struggled to achieve a quorum on important membership votes and, as a result, has never been able to amend the governing documents or struggles to elect a board each year, perhaps you should consider the usefulness of taking an online vote. Click here to learn more about BPBALLOT.

Who Pays for Water Damage From Leaks in Florida Condominiums?

Posted in Insurance, Liability, Maintenance & Repair, Water Leaks

ThinkstockPhotos-178955651Question: Our condominium is made up of a number of three-story buildings. Every year we have a number of water leaks from an upstairs unit to one or more downstairs units. While the insurance carrier for the owner of the damaged unit usually pays for most of the repairs, the association is always told it is responsible for the drywall. In most of these situations, the damage to the drywall is less than the association’s deductible. The association then has to pay the entire amount associated with the repair or replacement of the drywall, even though it was not responsible for the damage. I am the treasurer of our board, and I do not understand how or why this is the association’s responsibility, rather than the owner who caused the damage. (T.L by e-mail)

Answer: This is one of the most common issues I face in representing condominium associations. The law has changed on this topic more times than I can count in the 30 years I have been representing associations. On behalf of the Florida Bar, I have taught lawyers continuing legal education on the subject, and even I get confused sometimes.

At its most basic level, the law distinguishes between repairs following an “insurable event” (sometimes called a “casualty”) and preventative maintenance or work that is necessary due to routine wear and tear.

The current state of the law traces its roots back to amendments to the Florida Condominium Act that were adopted in 2008. I have discussed these changes previously in this column, including my August 31, 2008 column entitled “Condo Owners Should Heed ‘Plaza East’” as well as my September 19, 2010 column entitled “‘Plaza East’ Now Florida Law.” Past columns are available on-line.

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The Fuss about Florida’s Fire Sprinkler Opt Out Deadline

Posted in CALL Alert, Safety and security

Community Association Leadership Lobby

berger_dDear CALL Members:

The Division of Florida Condominiums, Timeshares and Mobile Homes (“Division”) has recently been quoted in several media articles advising that all multifamily buildings in Florida, regardless of height, must install sprinklers unless they opt out prior to the December 31, 2016 deadline. In the aftermath of that revelation, some Florida attorneys are advising communities that they all must take an opt out vote prior to the December 31, 2016 deadline or they will be required to begin installing a full sprinkler system shortly thereafter.

So what’s the problem?
For starters, neither the condominium law nor the cooperative law impose retrofitting requirements nor do Chapters 718 or 719 of the Florida Statutes confer jurisdiction on the Division to interpret or enforce life safety laws. That function rests with the Fire Marshal. The requirement for sprinkler retrofitting arises from Chapter 633 of the Florida Statutes not from either Chapter 718 or 719 where the opt out rights are provided. Chapter 633 of the Florida Statutes incorporates the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards. The NFPA requires “high rise” buildings (which are defined as buildings in excess of 75 feet) to retrofit with sprinklers. While there may be other circumstances where buildings less than 75 feet must be equipped with fire sprinklers, there is no blanket requirement that all condominiums and cooperatives in the State of Florida, regardless of height or occupancy or date of construction be equipped with fire sprinklers.

Why does the Division and those following their lead believe otherwise?
In 2010 Chapters 718 and 719 were amended to remove the word “high rise” from the original “opt out law” which was enacted in 2003. That change occurred through SB 1222/SB 1196 which was sponsored by Rep. Ellyn Bogdanoff and Senator Jeremy Ring. It is likely that the Division believes that the removal of the reference to the “high rise buildings” signified a legislative intent to create a retrofitting requirement for all condominium and cooperative buildings through the condominium statute. As discussed above, that logic is not supported by the statutes or the NFPA standards. Moreover, Senator Ring has confirmed that the legislative intent behind the 2010 change was not to impose a blanket retrofitting requirement on all multifamily buildings in Florida but rather was to remove the reference to building height since the shared ownership statutes were not the proper place to impose physical requirements relative to life safety standards.

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