Is your Association Leaving Money on the Table?
Bank foreclosures continue to be an impediment to collection of unpaid assessments in many communities. Sure, after the 2010 legislation became effective, community associations are entitled to collect either 1% of the original mortgage debt or 12 months worth of assessments from the mortgagee (whichever is less), but what about the rest of the balance? Does it disappear into thin air?
Because a bank foreclosure will usually directly impact the ability to successfully lien and foreclose, communities must be aware of other alternatives to collect unpaid assessments.
Strategic Defaults - According to Wikipedia:
A strategic default is the decision by a borrower to stop making payments (i.e. default) on a debt despite having the financial ability to make the payments.
While many owners who lose their units in foreclosure cannot pay, it is important to remember that a unit owner is personally liable for all unpaid assessments that are left when a bank forecloses. The Association may seek to collect the balance on the account from the former owner. More and more, people who do have assets make choices to abandon properties because there is no equity. If there is a possibility that an owner has assets to satisfy a judgment, a community should consider taking action against a former member to collect those unpaid assessments.
Many associations are thinking short-term instead of long-term when they decide to forgo pursuing a money judgment for the balance between what a lender pays if it takes title as a result of foreclosure and the outstanding obligations on the account. Yes, there are costs involved. If the association doesn’t have a lawsuit pending, it needs to file a lawsuit. There are attorneys fees, filing fees, costs associated with service of process, etc. If the association already has its lawsuit pending, most of those costs have already been absorbed – so why not wait for the bank to foreclose (and pay its statutory obligation), then continue to pursue the balance against the former owner? A judgment is recorded in the county and with the State’s registry; it is initially valid for 10 years and can be renewed for another 10 years. During that time if the debtor desires to buy another property, obtain financing for purchase of a vehicle, college, etc., the judgment will appear.
While the debtor/former owner may not have sufficient cash-flow right now, who knows what the future will bring? If the debtor has significant assets in another state, the association can even take the extra step of domesticating the judgment in another state and pursue collection efforts there.
Asset Searches Can Be Helpful in the Decision Making Process
An asset search may help discover assets. It is more difficult (sometimes almost impossible) to collect from a corporate unit owner or a foreign person. Nonetheless, your community should consider its options after a bank foreclosure – you may be leaving money on the table.